The Geneva-based International Organization for Migration (IOM) recently released The World Migration Report 2010.
According to the IOM, more people have migrated from Mexico than from any other country in the world. 10.1 million Mexicans now live outside their homeland, equivalent to about 9% of the current national population. Even more Mexicans would be living in the USA and Canada, if it were not for the recent world economic problems.
After Mexico, the main “exporters” of people are Colombia, Puerto Rico, Cuba, El Salvador, Brazil, Jamaica, the Dominican Republic, Haiti and Peru. The IMO estimates that 26.6 million people born in Latin America or the Caribbean currently reside outside their country of birth. Combined, these migrants account for about 15% of the world’s total international migrants, and send 64.7 billion dollars a year back to their respective home countries.
The Mexico-USA migration flow is the world’s most important bi-national flow. According to the IOM, 9.3 million “born in Mexico” Mexicans currently live in the USA. Remittances sent home by Mexicans working outside the country totaled 21.2 billion dollars in 2009, a drop of 15.7% from 2008.
And how do Mexicans cross the border?
We will examine this question in more detail in the New Year, but for now (thanks to Frank Koughan and his Burro Hall blog) we share the view of the UK’s Daily Mail, which in Exodus: After thousands of deaths, citizens finally give up and flee Mexico’s most violent city, Juarez, seriously suggests that droves of violence-torn Ciudad Juárez residents are fleeing each day for El Paso, Texas – by plane!
[Note to Daily Mail: Consultation on any aspect of Mexico’s geography is available anytime for a modest fee from geo-mexico.com]
Previous posts related to Mexican migrants in the USA:
- Mexican migrants pay 53 billion dollars a year in US taxes
- The US Bracero guest worker program
- The link between climate change and migration from Mexico to the USA
- Migration channels between Mexico and the USA, or how distant towns are linked through migration
- Over half a million natives of the state of Puebla live in New York City
- The impact of the economic recession on Mexico-USA migration
- Job recovery in the USA for foreign-born workers
Migration between Mexico and the USA is the focus of chapter 25 of Geo-Mexico: the geography and dynamics of modern Mexico. Ask your library to buy a copy of this handy reference guide to all aspects of Mexico’s geography today! Better yet, order your own copy…