The Social Progress Index measures the extent to which countries provide for the social and environmental needs of their citizens. It is a compound index, based on 52 indicators in the areas of Basic Human Needs, Foundations of Wellbeing, and Opportunity that show relative performance in order to elevate the quality of discussion on national priorities and to guide social investment decisions.
Social progress is the capacity of a society to meet the basic human needs of its citizens, establish the building blocks that allow citizens and communities to enhance and sustain the quality of their lives, and create the conditions for all individuals to reach their full potential.
The model used to develop the index is based on asking three key questions that help define social progress:
- Does a country provide for its people’s most essential needs? (Basic Human Needs)
- Are the building blocks in place for individuals and communities to enhance and sustain wellbeing? (Foundations of Wellbeing)
- Is there opportunity for all individuals to reach their full potential? (Opportunity)
In this inaugural Social Progress Index, each of these dimensions is disaggregated into four components, each measured by between two and six specific indicators. Each indicator has been tested for internal validity and geographic availability:
For example the Personal Rights component of Opportunity is comprised of 5 separate variables:
- Political Rights (Freedom House)
- Freedom of Speech (CIRI Human Rights Data Project)
- Freedom of Assembly/Association(CIRI Human Rights Data Project)
- Private Property Rights (Heritage Foundation)
- Women`s Property Rights (Economist Intelligence Unit)
How does Mexico score on the Social Progress Index?
Of issues covered by the Basic Human Needs Dimension, Mexico does best in areas including Nutrition and Basic Medical Care and has the greatest opportunity to improve human wellbeing by focusing more on Personal Safety. Of issues covered by the Foundations of Wellbeing Dimension, Mexico excels at providing building blocks for people’s lives such as Health and Wellness but would benefit from greater investment in Access to Information and Communications. Of issues covered by the Opportunity Dimension, Mexico outperforms in providing opportunities for people to improve their position in society and scores highly in Personal Rights yet falls short in Access to Higher Education.
This is how Mexico’s performance stacks up in comparison to the other 49 countries in the survey:
- Social Progress Index: score 49.7 = rank 25th
- Basic Human Needs: 49.3 (29th)
- Foundations of Wellbeing: 50.8 (23rd)
- Opportunity: 49.1 (25th)
- Mexico’s Human Development Index continues to improve
- Education quality: How do Mexican students compare to those in other countries?
- The measurement of poverty: the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)
- Inequality in wealth in Mexico: the GINI index
- Females, males and gender inequality in Mexico
- How does corruption in Mexico compare to Brazil, China, India and Russia?
- The Gender Gap in Mexico in 2012
- Obesity in Mexico compared to other countries: bigger is not better