In mid-2010, Mexico held a general census of its population and households. The majority of census respondents were required to complete a “basic questionnaire” of 29 questions, with a smaller number (2.7 million) asked to complete a “full questionnaire” with 75 questions.
The questions asked in the basic questionnaire (with a summary of the options for each response) included:
Characteristics of the dwelling:
- What are the floors made of? (earth/cement or concrete/wood, tiles or other)
- How many rooms are used for sleeping (excluding passages)?
- How many rooms are there in total, including the kitchen, but excluding passages or bathrooms?
- Does the dwelling have electricity?
- What is the water supply? (piped municipal supply/stand pipe/water piped from another dwelling/periodic water trucked in/river, well or lake)
- Is the dwelling connected to a sewage system or septic tank?
- Does the toilet have running water/water from buckets/no water?
- Which of the following do the occupants of the dwelling own? – radio/television/refrigerator/washing machine/vehicle/computer/fixed line telephone/cell phone/internet.
Characteristics of each person in the household:
- Sex, age, relation to head of household
- Place of birth (state, if born in Mexico, or country, if born elsewhere)
- Which medical services if any, do the occupants have access to? (IMSS, ISSSTE, Pemex or Armed Services, private provider, other, none)
- Limitations in daily life? (walking, moving/vision, even when wearing glasses or contacts/speaking/hearing even when wearing a hearing aid/dressing, bathing, eating/learning simple new tasks/any form of mental difficulty/none)
- Name of any dialect or indigenous language (ie other than Spanish) spoken
- Are you currently enrolled in school, college or university?
- Level of education already completed
- Can you read and write a simple message?
- Where did you reside 5 years ago? (state in Mexico, or country if outside Mexico)
- Civil status (single/married/separated/divorced/widowed)
- Last week, did you work at least one hour/have a job, but not work/look for work
- Are you retired/student/homemaker/unable to work through physical or mental incapacity
- How many liveborn children have you had?
- How many of these children have since died?
The first results from the 2010 census should be available from early next year. As results are published, Geo-Mexico will be updating facts and figures to highlight any important changes in Mexico’s geography.