Mexico’s National Statistics Agency recently released a breakdown of GDP by state for 2011. The data allow for an analysis of the spatial distribution of Mexico’s GDP. The graph below shows each state’s contribution to GDP (blue bars) and their share of Mexico’s total population (red bars):
In general, Mexico’s larger states (in terms of population) contribute more towards national GDP than its smaller states. Equally, even after population is taken into account, it is clear that some states contribute far more than others to Mexico’s GDP. The states of Campeche and Tabasco both stand out as contributing far more than their fair share towards national GDP; this is on account of their oil and gas reserves. The Federal District, Nuevo León, Quintana Roo and Querétaro also outperform in terms of economic output. On the other hand, Michoacán, Chiapas, Oaxaca and Guerrero all stand out for contributing less to Mexico’s GDP than the size of their population would suggest.
The economic disparities revealed by the data are closely matched by other indicators of economic disparity such as differences in poverty rates and the distribution of the wealthiest households. For more about these topics, start with the related posts listed below.
- The value in Mexico of unpaid work in the home
- Females, males and gender inequality in Mexico
- Map of population change in Mexico, 2000-2010
- Mexico’s position among the world’s largest economies: 1900 to 2008
- Connections between the Economic Complexity Index and Mexico’s GDP growth
- Mexico’s North-South economic divide weakens slightly in 2009
- Where are the wealthiest households in Mexico?
- Is poverty in Mexico on the rise?