More than 190 countries signed up to the 2015 UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), agreed in 2000. There are 8 major goals:
- eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
- achieve universal primary education
- promote gender equality and empower women
- reduce child mortality
- improve maternal health
- combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- ensure environmental sustainability
- develop a global partnership for development
Mexico is well on its way to meeting most of the eight goals, according to the technical committee established to monitor the country’s progress. The technical committee includes representatives from various government departments, as well as INEGI (the National Geography and Statistics Institute) and CONAPO (the National Population Council).
The committee reports that Mexico has already met the targets for 38 (74.5%) of the 51 quantitative indicators used to assess progress towards the 8 goals, and is continuing work towards meeting the remaining targets by 2015 (the deadline for the Millennium Development Goals).
Satisfactory or good progress is being made on 5 of the remaining 13 indicators; all five are expected to be met sometime in 2015. Progress on the other 8 indicators has been slower than needed, and it now seems highly unlikely that goal 7 (environmental sustainability) can possibly be met.
Specific targets that Mexico has not yet reached and where progress has either stagnated, or deterioration has occurred, include:
- Decrease in mortality rate per 100,000 inhabitants due to HIV/AIDS (part of goal 6)
- Total carbon dioxide emissions (part of goal 7)
- Proportion of total water resources already in use (part of goal 7)
- Percentage of inhabitants with private dwellings using charcoal or wood for cooking (part of goal 7)